November 22, 2017   1063

Everyone out here wants to be in the pink of health and when it comes to health, its root goes down to the heart. On an average, human heart beats 1000000 times per day and if we convert the same figure for a year, it goes to around 35 million. So, taking a good care of your heart becomes very vital in your life.


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According the WHO Statistics, deaths because of cardiovascular disease bagged the first position, leaving behind all other causes of death.  This ranking is nothing to be proud of and instead is an alarm to keep your heart in a good shape.

As the time passes, so is the technology improving. To make sure that your heart functions well for your entire lifetime, many inventions have been made and are being made, one of them is Cardiac Catheterization.

What is Cardiac Catheterization?

Cardiac Catheterization is a process performed by cardiologists to come to a conclusion that how well does your heart functions. It is used to diagnose and treat the cardiovascular conditions.

The chambers of heart carry the oxygen, the pressure and level of the oxygen is to be maintained. Cardiac Catheterization is a way to measure this pressure and level. Any heart defects since birth comes into ambit of this test and is diagnosed.

Test Procedure- Know How

The patient is usually awake while the test is performed. The patient will receive the local anesthesia to numb the area which will be affected while test is performed.

Once the anesthesia delivers the task, the doctor places the plastic tube in the blood vessels with the help of needle. The plastic tube is called as Sheath. As soon as the sheath is placed, it is followed by the placement of a thin long tube called catheter which advances towards the heart. To make sure that catheter reaches the desired location, it is guided by x-ray imaging.

Now it is entirely up to the doctor that how he wants to use the catheter, either to take blood samples, measure oxygen pressure or to perform a coronary angiography.

What are the reasons to perform Cardiac Catheterization?

  1. If you are experiencing a pain in chest, shortness of breath, fatigue or dizziness, a cardiac catheterization may be performed.
  2. If you have undergone an ECG or stress test and test results paves the way to some heart conditions which need further diagnosis, a cardiac catheterization might be suggested by the doctor.
  3. If the doctor has suggested a heart surgery then to plan the roadmap, he might perform the cardiac catheterization to see the overall shape and status of your heart and the chambers it carry.
  4. If the heart valve is leaking and demands some repair or replacement, some doctor use this test to plug the leaking or replace it.

Possible Complications to be aware of

  1. Generally, Cardiac Catheterization is a safe test and hardly carries any implications with it, but it might accompany bruises, tenderness, pain, swelling or redness at punctured area with it. You can use some good topical anesthetic cream to get rid of pain, if any.
  2. Strictly follow the instructions of your doctor on the diet before the test, as the intake of any food or drink before 6 hours of the test might increase your risk of complications from anesthesia.
  3. Try to relax during and before the test. If you are nervous, your heart will beat in abnormal manner which might complicate the procedure of the test.
  4. Other risks you might encounter with the test is damage to the artery where catheter was inserted.

Expectations from the Test

  1. To perform the test on you, firstly you will be advised to remove any ornaments you are wearing and a gown will be provided which you will be wearing during the test. They might ask you to empty your bladed before they proceed for the test. If any hair growth is observed in the area which will be affected by catheter, the hair will be waxed off.
  2. You will be placed on your back on the test table. An ECG monitor will be connected to you who will record all the activities of your heart during the test. The best or might be worst part is that you will be able to see the catheter moving in your body to the heart with the help of installed monitors.
  3. You will receive sedative medication before the start of procedure to make you relax and calm. The area which will be affected is introduced with the local anesthesia and as soon as it does it work, a sheath will be inserted into your blood vessels followed by the entry of catheter which will find its way towards the heart.
  4. A contrast dye will be injected through the catheter and series of x-ray images of heart and arteries will be made. Let the doctor know immediately if you feel problem in breathing, nausea or itchiness while this stage is performed.
  5. Once the required information has been extracted, the catheter will be removed and the affected area will be sealed with a closure device. You will be taken to the recovery area as soon as clot is formed and bleeding is stopped.
  6. Your heartbeat and other vital signs will be checked during your recovery phase.

People are getting aware of the cardiac diseases and its treatment. The health ministry of Saudi Arab has claimed that they carried out 355 Cardiac Catheterizations on pilgrims during the Hajj season. It’s good to be aware of your health and to make people aware about it.



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