Understanding of Moles

January 18, 2018   1296

Mole is a beautiful flower but when its seeds are regularly watered, the same flower turns into wild flowers, surrounded by thorns. They make the appearance of a person ugly when attacked in group. They can live on your skin for as much time as they wish to.

Mole is not just a chemical unit but also a skin imperfection. Moles are unwanted skin growths which appear as small, dark brown and black colored marks or spots. The appearance and number of moles can vary from person to person. They can be rough, flat, raised, and have hair coming out of them. They are generally round or oval, and have a smooth edge.

Understanding of Moles

Moles are of different types:

  • Junctional melanocytic nevi– Round, Flat and Brown;
  • Dermal melanocytic nevi– Moles with skin color or lighter, raised usually with hairs;
  • Halo nevi– Because of loss of skin color around this type of mole; a white ring is formed around it.
  • Dysplastic nevi– Flat, Bumpy with irregular edges which do not change over time.

Causes of Mole…

  • History of Family- Families who suffered from dysplastic moles (known to cause cancer) in past have chances that their next generation can also have same moles. They usually change their appearance with passing time. It is advisable to consult a doctor if you experience this type of mole.
  • Puberty– The hormonal changes occurring during the puberty also paves way for moles occurrence. It is common to see moles on face and body of adolescents which are usually harmless.
  • Age matters- Moles welcome you when you enter an old age. Such moles that appear because of age occur on face and body. This is the reason that many old age people witness moles on their different parts of body.
  • Pregnancy- A pregnant women undergoes various hormonal changes which cause moles to occur. But they are not long lasting moles and often disappear as soon as she gives birth to a baby. The moles present before the pregnancy may get bigger and darker with pregnancy.
  • Unbalanced distribution of Melanocytes Cells- These are the cells which plays an important part in producing colored pigmentation found in the skin, hair and eyes: When these cells are unevenly distributed, they cause moles to occur.
  • Relationship between sun and moles- Skin with more sun exposure has more moles, although moles can also occur on sun-protected areas like palms, soles and genitals. The UV rays generated by the sun are harmful for the skin, giving rise to moles.

Symptoms of Moles…

It is very important to distinguish between a harmful and harmless mole. Following are some symptoms of moles:

  1. Color, shape and size- Size, color and shape of a mole may vary and can be of any color: black, brown, tan, pink or blue. There shape can vary from round to oval. They are smooth, flat or raised, usually with 6mm diameter.
  2. ABCDE Guide- It is important to take a note of this guide. The following ABCDE guide can help to identify whether it is a mole or any other spot:


  • “A” is for Asymmetrical shape:one half is unlike the other half.
  • “B” is for Border:The boundary of moles is irregular and blurred. 
  • “C” is for Color: Look for growths that have changed color, have many colors or have uneven color.
  • “D” is for Diameter: The spot of a mole is larger than 6 millimeters across or smaller than 6mm.
  • “E” is for Evolution: Moles can be changing in size, shape, and color.


(Video source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qww4riEyl2w )

Prevent Moles…


  • Keep an eye on changes- Regularly examine your moles by understanding its pattern and location. Do a self check by regularly following the ABCDE guide, especially if melanoma was prevalent in your family history. Do a thorough check up from your scalp to toe. Also, check your genital area and between your buttocks. If you find any deformity, consult your doctor immediately.
  • Keep your skin protected- As mentioned, UV rays are very harmful for your skin and may lead moles to occur. It is said that children who haven’t been protected from sun exposure are more likely to develop moles.


  • No matter its summer or winter, use sun-screen round the year.
  • Avoid peak sun times.
  • Use sun glasses, long sleeves, hats and other protective clothing that can help you to stay away from UV rays.
  • Avoid tanning lamps and beds.


Doctors may carry surgery to get rid of moles. Surgical methods like cutting, burning and freezing are usually performed by doctors to remove the moles. No doubt, these methods provide beautiful skin but the treatment also carries pain along with it. The perfect cream for warding off the mole removal pain is the strongest topical anesthetic cream Dr. Numb. This is a clinically recommended cream approved by FDA and is used to numb the area for painful mole removal procedure.

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