What are the Major Risk Factors of Non Melanoma Skin Cancer?
Non-melanoma skin cancer is a malignant tumour that develops in cells of the skin. Here we have discussed these risk factors in details along with prevention tips.
Non-melanoma skin cancer is caused by UVB rays, one of the UV rays types, which break down the DNA in skin cells. This is why nearly 90% of non-melanoma skin cancers are associated with exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun.
Besides, t cancer can be triggered by the artificial sources of light including sunlamps, and tanning beds. The overexposure to the sun also makes you prone to the non-melanoma skin cancer. Here we have discussed these risk factors in details along with prevention tips.
(However, these factors don’t cause skin cancer directly; rather they make you prone to it.)
Over exposure to UV radiation makes you vulnerable to the skin cancer. People living at high altitudes are at risk as they remain in the contact of bright sunlight throughout the year. Besides, people having their much of time outside during day hours have the chances to develop the skin cancer.
People undergoing the recreational sun tanning are also at the risk of having non-melanoma cancer. Therefore, you must minimise the use of the tanning beds, sun lamps and tanning parlours.
Fair skinned people are more prone to the non-melanoma cancer than people with other skin complexion.
Previous Skin Cancer and Diagnosis:
If you have skin cancer in the past, chances are you can develop other skin cancers. Study reveals that 35-50% of people treated with one basal cell carcinoma make them vulnerable to the new skin cancer in few years. Therefore, if you have had one skin cancer in the past, you must abide by your doctor’s guidelines to prevent the new one. Similarly, people who have undergone radiation therapy to treat cancer are at the risk of developing basal cell carcinoma. Children who are treated with radiation therapy are more vulnerable to the basal cell carcinoma.
If anyone in your family has non-melanoma skin cancer, you are the risk of developing it in the future. But worry not! Instead, follow the precautions given below to avoid non-melanoma cancer
- Avoid stepping out in the sun during mid day.
- Cover your ear, face, neck and ears with the clothes labelled as UV protection while stepping into the sun.
- Wear sunscreen to protect your skin from UVA and UVB radiation
- See your physicians regularly if you develop sunburn and rashes.
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